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Psychological Theories

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Awareness of such individual differences (i.e., attributional style) goes far in understanding why some of us act as black advancers while others as black delayers. Think about it. Most of us come from roughly the same historical tra­dition. Our genesis in the United States is slavery. However, the attributional styles of our forebears and ourselves help determine our economic, psycholog­ical, and emotional lot. In essence, we are not one family with the same values and outlooks; we are a multitude of families and individuals whose variations in attributional styles contribute triumphantly or tragically to our place in America.


Key Takeaways:

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Awareness of individual differences goes far in understanding why some of us act as black advancers while others as black delayers.

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Black People’s schema: “Prejudice!” “Racism!” “Discrimination!” serve to keep some of us as limited and psychologically unsophisticated. Adaptation to new ways of exis­tence and perception of the world for black Americans must be mastered to ensure expansion and development. We must learn to expand ourselves beyond race.

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Generally, the more we exhibit certain behav­iors, the more reinforcement we receive. Whether the reinforcement is cash, attention, or being perceived as a black person true to the community is imma­terial. That the reinforcement causes us to repeat the behavior.

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As regards psychological growth and development for black Americans, a number of questions. The answers to these questions either define an intergenerational journey toward psycholog­ical freedom or mark cultural hazards toward continued group enmeshment and codependency.